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Woven Fabric

Woven Fabric - Two or more sets of yarns are interlaced at right angles for making woven fabric. Vertically aligned threads are called warp threads and horizontally aligned threads are called weft threads. A criss-cross pattern is formed in woven fabric. Machines called looms are used for weaving the fabric. Woven fabrics are more crisp and they have less capacity to stretch. 

Identification of Woven Fabric - Woven fabrics have less stretching capacity as compared to knitted fabric. This fabric probably stretches diagonally instead of side-to-side or top-to-bottom. Warp and weft threads are used for weaving any fabric. 

Types of Weaving styles

⦁ Plain Weave - Over and under each weft fiber, warp fiber passes alternately. Good stability and symmetry is maintained in plain woven fabric. As compared with other weave styles, this is the most difficuilt weave to drape. Heavy fabrics are not made from this weave as the large fibers give excessive crimp. 

⦁ Twill Weave - Over and under two or more weft fibers, one or more warp fiber passes alternately. A straight or broken diagonal rib appears on the fabric. In the twill weave there is slight reduction in stability of the fabric. This fabric has smooth surface. 

⦁ Satin Weave - Fewer intersections of warp and weft are produced to modify twill weaves into satin weaves. A high degree of drape, good wet out and flat weaves are seen in satin weaves. This fabric has a low crimp. Fabrics with a close tight weave are produced with satin weaves. Fibers run in warp direction on side of the fabric while on other side fibers run in weft direction . 

⦁ Basket Weave -  Two or more weft fibers passes alternately with two or more warp fibers. A design of 2x2 basket is created when two warp fibers crosses two weft fibers. Less stability is seen in the basket weave but it is stronger than the plain weave. To avoid excessive crimping heavy weight fabrics can be made with thich fibers. 

⦁ Leno Weave - Consecutive weft fibers are locked by twisting adjacent warp fibers. In open fabrics having low fiber count, stability is improved with leno weave. 


⦁ Linen, Hemp and woollen woven fabrics should be hand-washed. The fabric can be gently rubbed all over. Cool water can be used for rinsing the fabric. Most gentle cycle and lowest temperature can be set for washing in washing machines. Never spin the fabric. 

⦁ Silk woven fabrics are preferred to be hand-washed. It is necessary to use lukeworm water for cleaning silk woven fabrics as the hot water will cause a shrink in the fabric and washing with cold water  will loose the sheen of the fabric. 

Benefits - The woven fabrics don't loose their shape as they are strong as compared to knitted fabrics. 

Our range of Woven Fabrics


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